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"The Elbow" Demo

2* Passive Extension

  • The examiner stands next to the patient.
  • One hand takes hold of the distal part of the patient's forearm.
  • The other hand takes hold of the patient's upper arm at the level of the olecranon
  • Both hands move in opposite directions so as to extend the elbow maximally.
  • Normal range of movement: The forearm comes to lay in line with the upper arm.

    Endfeel: hard and bony

    Structures that stop the movement:

  • bony contact between the olecranon and the posterior aspect of the humerus.
  • tightening of the anterior capsule of the joint
  • functional examination; overview

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