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The Shoulder

Basic Functional Examination

Basic Principles :

The basic functional examination is standardized, which permits a systematic search for signs.
All the different tissues of the shoulder are tested in a functional way: They are brought selectively under tension and the results are noted.
The combination of positive and negative answers forms a pattern that leads to a diagnosis.

Applied to the shoulder

The basic shoulder examination consists of 12 tests:

Interpretation

After having performed all twelve tests, the sum of both positive and negative answers forms a pattern pointing to a pathology or a group of pathologies.

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