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Basic Functional Examination : Applied to the Shoulder

The functional examination of the shoulder consists of active and passive elevations, passive tests and resisted movements

General Remarks

  • Adopt the correct position from where to start
  • Adopt a correct position of the hands
  • Look for the pain and not for a non-relevant unpleasant feeling
  • Always compare with the contralateral (normal) joint
  • Passive movements are done until the end of range is reached
  • Pattern

    After the functional examination, positive and negative results are brought together to form a pattern that points in the direction of either a pathology or a group of pathologies. In the latter, further information will be required to reach a more precise diagnosis. This information may be gained by accessory tests An accessory examination is also done to positively confirm an existing but tentative diagnosis, to disclose the precise point affected within the structure or to confirm and further examine instability .